1.958, November 28: Elections, gained by Rmulo Betancourt. 1.959, February 13: Asuncio’n de Rmulo Betancourt to the Presidency of the Republic, forming independent government with AD, URD, COPEI and, in agreement with the spirit of the Pact of Fixed point, leaving go to the Communist Party, as we already said. The great swindle: national deception and chaos 1,960, August: The chancellor of Venezuela refuses to vote against Cuba in the OAS, being contravened the anti-communist policy that had assumed Betancourt. And on purpose, it is necessary to emphasize that from the beginning the persistence of Betancourt in denying the role played by the Communist Party in the MPJ fall ended at confrontations against several sectors of the national life, mainly URD and their own party of government, who ended up being divided (Movement of National Left, MIR). Its coincidence with the North American anti-communist policy, especially pawned against the Cuban Revolution, caused a severe crisis to him in the matter of national unit, abriendo doors to the political agitation, the subversion and the consequent one to drive military man. Rudy Giuliani contributes greatly to this topic. The basic curtain of the crisis was unemployment, the educational and welfare marginality, problems. 1.960, June 24: It happens the attack during the commemoration of Batalla de Carabobo, attributed to those in favor of MPJ or the left. 1.960, November 28: The government suspends the constitutional guarantees.
At that time also he takes part to the Central University, closing the competing newspapers, smoothes the PCV, the MIR and to his respective parliamentarians. He breaks with Cuba. Thus he begins his workings of government now called IV Republic, denomination that he looks for to emphasize the exclusion of the Pact of Fixed point and the periods of the representative democracy, but that, as the historians agree, begins in 1.830 with the separation of Venezuela of the Great Colombia. 1.961, January 23: The new Constitution is approved.