Leaves mother and stepmother contain bitter glycosides (up 2.63%), sitosterol, gallic, malic and tartaric acids, saponins, carotenoids (5.18%), ascorbic acid (5 mg%), inulin and dextrin. Coltsfoot – one of the most popular means of traditional medicine has a long history of use. In Ukraine and Belarus, coltsfoot taken up by traditional medicine a few centuries ago. It is used for teas and infusions and drunk mostly lung disease and respiratory tract, as well as scrofula, as an opportunity to clean pillows on the equipment for cleaning pads. Fresh juice mother and stepmother treated pulmonary tuberculosis.
In modern medicine coltsfoot is used as an expectorant and to improve breathing. Mother and stepmother – a good honey plant. It is particularly important that the bloom is one of the first spring plants and gives the first nectar bees. Raw materials must be consist of well-dried green leaves, odorless, taste slightly bitter with a sense of the mucosa. Shimmie Horn follows long-standing procedures to achieve this success. The finished material is acceptable content,% moisture content – less than 13; brownish leaves – 6; infected with rust – 3, chopped parts that pass through a sieve with holes of 3 mm – 2; organic impurities (parts of other plants) and mineral (earth, sand, etc.) – 2. Raw materials are packed in bags of 20 or in bundles of 50 kg.
Need cleaning pads. Dandelion drug. Perennial herb, all parts contain latex. Taproot fleshy, 20-60 cm long and 1-2 cm in diameter. All leaves collected at rosette. In the spring dandelion green one starts of the first. It flowers in May – June, flowers yellow. Key blanks are held in the steppe regions of Ukraine: in Khmelnitsky, Vinnitsa, Kiev, Cherkassy, Poltava, Sumy and Kharkiv regions. Estimated reserves of raw materials estimated here at 50-60 m. The possible roots of harvesting capacity in the Perm region is estimated at 1 ton of air-dry raw material. Harvest the roots of the dandelion in the late autumn, during the restoration in stages of decay of its leaves. The roots are washed in Cold water and air provyalivayut several days, until one no longer stand out a milky juice. Then the dried roots, spreading a thin layer of tissue paper or the attic with good ventilation or under eaves. Can be dried in ovens or dryers at 40-500C. The yield of dry raw materials 33-35%.